It’s one of the top ten must-see destinations in the world, and rightfully so. Passionate travellers from all over the world flock to Machu Picchu, the 15th century Inca site that is full of beautiful, historic structures which provide insight into a culture long gone.
Located high in the Andes Mountains in what is known as the Cusco Region of Peru, Machu Picchu was brought to the attention of the modern world when it was rediscovered by a Peruvian guide and Yale professor Hiram Bingham. The site had ironically never been lost to local mountain people who still grew crop on the terraced hills. The most interesting aspect of the site is it’s precise location. Astronomers spent two years charting the path of the sun so that the summer solstice would shine through the entrance gate of the summer palace. Today, when hikers walk the trails to enter Machu Picchu, they enter via the sun gate after a 4-day trek of amazing vistas and experiences.
The structures include palaces, temples, homes and more, all situated on a mountain ridge. Considering the fact that it was likely built in the 15th century, the architecture and manpower involved in the creation of this amazing estate is nothing short of spectacular. Machu Picchu is complete with farming terraces and grain storages to create a self-sustaining community.
While the exact usage of the location is unknown, there are many theories ranging from religious worship to royal retreats. Certain structures support these theories, such as the building believed to be ruler Pachacuti Inc Yupanqui’s dwelling or the Temple of the Sun, which is a likely place of worship.
Due to high quality architecture, largely using mortar, the buildings have been extremely well preserved and provide an amazing destination for all who travel to it. For those interested learning about the collapse of the Inca Empire, visiting Machu Picchu is a surreal, deeply moving experience.
All of Eviactive’s Machu Picchu tours are designed through our concierge service and are customized to your interests and departure dates. Find out how you can step into ancient history: http://www.eviactive.com/category/trips/peru-trips/.